XDR tuberculosis in India

The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), XDR tuberculosis in India especially multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extremely resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a major concern around the world, including India. India has the second highest burden of MDR-TB in China, and have been informed that the country has about 66,000 cases of MDR-TB among pulmonary TB cases reported in 2011 (21,000 new cases – ranging 15,000 to 27,000 cases and treatment – 45 000 with a range of 40,000-50,000). [1]

showed in several surveys in India by well qualified and accredited laboratories that MDR-TB in new cases is approximately 2.1% (1.5 to 2.7) and is about 15% (13-16) in cases post-treatment. [1], [2] In a general scenario, approximately 9% of all cases of MDR-XDR TB. Although the exact extent of XDR-TB is not known in India, the survey conducted by the Division of Gujarat Central TB by the National Research Institute of Tuberculosis (INTI) is carried out throughout Chennai found that of 1,571 isolates new patients, 1,236 (78 7%) are susceptible to first-line drugs, 173 (11%) was not isozniazid in 37 (2.4% confidence interval 95% (CI found (INH) and resistance to MDR-TB) 1.6 to 3 1).

XDR tuberculosis in India

Completely resistant tuberculosis (TDR-TB) is a generic term for tuberculosis strains resistant to classified against a wider range of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis to drugs so widely. TDR-TB has been identified in three countries; India, Iran and Italy. The emergence of TDR-TB has been documented in four major publications. [1] [2] [3] [4] However, it still is not recognized by the World Health Organization.

TDR-TB is the result of other mutations in the genome of a bacterium to make available, as seen in XDR and MDR-TB. Resistance
Doctors in India have an incurable form of tuberculosis are identified, further raising concern about the increasing prevalence of resistance to the disease1. Although reports call this latest form a “new entity”, researchers suggest that it is again developing in long-standing problem.

The discovery makes India the third country in which you created a completely drug-resistant form of the disease, in the following cases documented in Italy and Iran in XDR tuberculosis in India
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