October 18, 2013
Tuberculosis Treatment – Tuberculosis is a disease that can be treated and cured. The treatment of active tuberculosis sensitive to drugs is a standard six-month regimen combining four antimicrobials that are provided to patients under the supervision of a health worker or a trained volunteer who will bring information and support. Without this supervision and support, adherence can be difficult and the disease can spread. The vast majority of TB cases can be cured as long as the drugs are provided and taken properly.
Since 1995, over 51 million people have been successfully treated and the number of lives saved through the use of strategies DOTS and Stop TB that are recommended by the WHO estimated 20 million described below .
The standard anti-TB drugs have been used for decades, and resistance to these drugs is increasing. In all the countries studied, there was the existence of strains that are resistant to anti-TB drug used alone.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of TB caused by a bacterium that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the two first-line anti-TB drugs (or standard) are most effective.
MDR-TB is primarily the result of inadequate treatment. Inappropriate or incorrect use of TB, or use of drugs of poor quality, can lead to drug resistance.
The disease caused by TB bacilli resistant does not respond to conventional first-line treatment. MDR-TB can be treated and cured through the use of second-line drugs. However, opportunities for second-line treatment is limited and recommended medicines are not always available. The requires extensive chemotherapy (up to two years of treatment), more expensive and can cause serious side effects in patients.