Tuberculosis and HIV
October 9, 2013
Tuberculosis and HIV - At least one third of the 34 million people living with HIV worldwide are infected with TB, although they have not all yet developed active tuberculosis. People living with HIV and infected with TB are at 21 to 34 times more likely to develop a scalable than people who are not HIV-infected tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis and HIV, each speeding the progression, a deadly combination. An HIV positive person who is infected with TB bacilli is much more likely to develop active TB. In 2011, approximately 430,000 people died of HIV-related TB. Nearly 25% of deaths among people living with HIV are due to TB. In 2011, the number of new TB cases are estimated at 1.1 million HIV-positive people, 79% of them living in Africa.
As noted below, the WHO recommends an approach consisting of 12 elements to achieve integrated TB-HIV interventions including prevention and treatment of infection and disease, to reduce mortality . It is estimated that such an approach has saved 1.3 million lives in the world between 2005 and 2011.
Tuberculosis is a disease that can be treated and cured. The treatment of active tuberculosis sensitive to drugs is a standard six-month regimen combining four antimicrobials that are provided to patients under the supervision of a health worker or a trained volunteer who will bring information and support. Without this supervision and support, adherence can be difficult and the disease can spread.The vast majority of TB cases can be cured as long as the drugs are provided and taken properly.
Since 1995, over 51 million people have been successfully treated and the number of lives saved through the use of strategies DOTS and Stop TB that are recommended by the WHO estimated 20 million described below .