symptoms for tuberculosis in child

Tuberculosis (popularly known as “TB”) is a disease symptoms for tuberculosis in child caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly infects the lungs, although it also can affect other organs.

When someone with untreated TB coughs or sneezes, the air is filled with droplets containing the bacteria. Inhaling these infected droplets is the usual way a person gets TB.

symptoms for tuberculosis in child

One of the most dreaded diseases of the 19th century, TB was the eighth leading cause of death in children 1 to 4 years of age during the 1920s. As the general standard of living and medical care improved in the United States, the incidence of TB decreased. By the 1960s, it wasn’t even in the top 10 causes of death among children of any age group.
Older children and adolescents can develop the more typical adult type reactivation tuberculosis.[41-43] They are more likely to experience the classic symptoms of fever, anorexia, malaise, weight loss, night sweats, productive cough, chest pain, and hemoptysis than younger children. However, findings on physical examination are usually minor or absent even when cavities or large infiltrates are present. Most signs and symptoms improve within several weeks of starting effective treatment although cough may last for several months. In these cases, the chest radiograph appearance is that typically seen in adults with a predominance of upper lobe infiltrates with or without cavitation. Some adolescents get a somewhat peculiar form of tuberculosis resulting in necrotizing pneumonitis. In these cases, it can be difficult to establish the diagnosis of tuberculosis because the sputum is often devoid of organisms; in my experience, open lung biopsy has been required in several cases to establish the correct diagnosis.
The TB bacterium is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, sings, or laughs; however, repeated exposure to the germs is usually necessary before a person will become infected. It is not likely to be transmitted through personal items, such as clothing, bedding, a drinking glass, eating utensils, a handshake, a toilet, or other items that a person with TB has touched. symptoms for tuberculosis in child Adequate ventilation is the most important measure to prevent the transmission of TB.


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