symptoms for tuberculosis in babies

What is tuberculosis in a baby?
Tuberculosis, better known as TB, symptoms for tuberculosis in babies is a lung disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

There are actually two forms of the disease: latent TB and active TB. A person with latent TB is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis but isn’t sick at all. Their body manages to keep the bacterium in check, so they don’t have any symptoms and can’t spread the disease.

symptoms for tuberculosis in babies

Active TB is what most people think of when they hear “tuberculosis.” People with active TB have persistent coughs, fevers and night sweats. They may cough up blood and suffer from a lack of appetite and energy. Without treatment, active TB can be fatal.
A foetus may acquire tuberculosis from the mother before birth, before or during birth by breathing in or swallowing infected amniotic fluid , or after birth by breathing in air containing infected droplets. About half of the infants born to mothers with active tuberculosis develop the disease during the first year of life if they aren’t treated with antibiotics or vaccinated.
Symptoms and Signs
The symptoms of tuberculosis in a newborn can include fever, drowsiness, poor feeding, fail to thrive and difficulty in breathing. Many other symptoms are possible, depending on the extent of the infection. The liver and spleen may be enlarged, due to their filtering of the tuberculosis bacteria, causing activation of infection-fighting white blood cells there.
Cases of active or latent tuberculosis infection in children are of great concern since it indicates that transmission of tuberculosis has occurred recently.1 Most adults who develop active tuberculosis were infected many years ago, when their immune systems were stronger and able to protect them. When a child is diagnosed with active tuberculosis, it means that someone close to them, almost always an adult, must have active tuberculosis and is possibly symptoms for tuberculosis in babies transmitting the disease to others as well.

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